Element specialises in providing industry leading tensile testing services for a wide range of metallic and polymer materials.
Our state-of-the-art tensile testing laboratories provide conditions for exposing the resistance of materials to a static or slowly applied force. This fundamental materials science test provides a wealth of valuable material property information to companies across any conceivable industry for use in material selection, quality control, and R&D initiatives.
Our tensile testing processes
Tensile testing is a destructive mechanical testing method that subjects a material sample to uniaxial tension until failure.
Our tensile testing capabilities require the placement of machined specimens into our tensile testing apparatus where they are then subjected to applied loads. The resulting elongation of materials is measured by an extensometer or strain gauge, where the stress obtained at the highest level of applied force determines the tensile strength of the specimen in question.
Tensile testing specimens are precision machined from raw stock material into a sample of predetermined dimensions and grip ends based on the specification to be followed.
The yield strength is the stress at which a prescribed amount of plastic deformation (commonly 0.2%) is produced, while elongation describes the extent to which the specimen is stretched before a fracture occurs.
Our tensile testing capabilities allow us to assimilate critical information relating to the strength, stiffness and ductility of materials in line with your production requirements and business needs.
Tensile testing applied with expertise and technical precision
Element’s machinists utilize a variety of advanced techniques at our on-site machine shops, including a full suite of manual and automated CNC solutions along with Wire EDM, Waterjet machining, and inertia welding capabilities for sub-size specimens.
Once machined, test specimens are loaded into a Universal Testing Machine and proper alignment is verified. Depending upon specific requirements, strain gauges or extensometers are used to measure the strain rate during testing.
Element’s scientists have the knowledge and equipment necessary to handle high volume, ongoing production needs as well as one-off custom projects. Utilizing state-of-the-art, digital instrumentation, our tensile testing reports can include ultimate tensile strength, maximum elongation, and reduction of area. From these measurements, the following properties can also be determined: Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, yield strength, and strain-hardening characteristics.
Additional tensile testing capabilities Include:
- Castings/Weld Coupon Tensile Testing
- Elevated and Reduced Temperature Tensile Testing (from -320F to 2,700F)
- Fastener Tensile Testing, Axial and Wedge (up to 2” diameter fasteners)
- Full- and sub-size Tensile Test Specimens
- Heat Treatment for Tensile Coupons, Ambient Air or Argon Gas (up to 2,200F)
- High Force Tensile Testing (up to 400,000 lbf)
- O-Ring Tensile Testing
- Rebar and Tubular Product Tensile Testing
- Tensile testing at room temperature, low temperature (ASTM E8), and elevated temperature (ASTM E21)
- Temperature and humidity
- Combined tension and compression
- Through thickness
- True strain
- Notched tensile
- r (ASTM E646) values
- n (ASTM E517) values
Elevated temperature tensile testing
In addition to our standard services, we also offer elevated temperature tensile testing, a method used to determine the physical properties of materials when tested at levels above room temperature. These properties include:
- Ultimate tensile strength (breaking strength)
- Yield strength (bending strength)
- Reduction of area
Nearly all products, except fasteners, are machined prior to undergoing the elevated temperature testing procedure.
Materials We Test
Materials We Test:
- Adhesives and Coatings
- Construction Materials
- Metallic Alloys
- Plastics and Polymers
- Polymer and Ceramic Matrix Composites
- Rubber and Elastomers
- Textiles and Paperboard
Standards We Test To
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
AASHTO M31, AASHTO T244
Application Program Interface
API STD 1104
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASME Sec. IX
ASTM A370, ASTM A488, ASTM A615, ASTM A706, ASTM A770, ASTM A975, ASTM B557, ASTM C165, ASTM C203, ASTM C209, ASTM C297, ASTM C303, ASTM C363, ASTM C518, ASTM C550, ASTM C578, ASTM C1273, ASTM C1275, ASTM C1359, ASTM C1366, ASTM C1468, ASTM D 412, ASTM D638, ASTM D695, ASTM D696, ASTM D882, ASTM D696, ASTM D1004, ASTM D1414, ASTM D1621, ASTM D1622, ASTM D1623, ASTM D1708, ASTM D1822, ASTM D2095, ASTM D2126, ASTM D2557, ASTM D2919, ASTM D2990, ASTM D3039, ASTM D3163, ASTM D3164, ASTM D3165, ASTM D3518, ASTM D3759, ASTM D4541, ASTM D5034, ASTM D5035, ASTM D5083, ASTM D5766, ASTM D6484, ASTM D6742, ASTM D7291, ASTM D7565, ASTM E4, ASTM E8, ASTM E21, ASTM E345 ASTM E517, ASTM E646, ASTM F541, ASTM F606, ASTM F738, ASTM F879, ASTM F1147
American Welding Society
AWS B2.1, AWS B4, AWS D1.1, AWS D1.2, AWS D1.4, AWS D1.5, AWS 1.6 AWS 8.9, AWS D14.1, AWS D14.3 AWS D14.4, AWS D14.5, AWS D14.6, AWS D17.1, AWS D15.1, AWS 17.1, AWS D18.1BPS-N-70
EN 485, EN 895, EN 10002-1, EN 10002-5, EN 10326IFI 114, IFI 135
International Organization for Standardization
ISO 37, ISO 527-1, ISO 527-2, ISO 527-3, ISO 527-4, ISO 527-5, ISO 783, ISO 898-1, ISO 898-5, ISO 1002, ISO 1421, ISO 1798, ISO 3506 ISO 4136, ISO 5173, ISO 5176, ISO 5178, ISO 5893, ISO 6295, ISO 6892-1, ISO 6892-2, ISO 7800, ISO 7801, ISO 8496, ISO 8513, ISO 9015, ISO 9016, ISO 9018, ISO 9606, ISO 13934, ISO 15614-1, ISO 15614-2, ISO 15614-12, ISO 17639, BS ISO 37, BS ISO 7800, BS EN ISO 4136, BS EN ISO 5173,BS EN ISO 5176, BS EN ISO 5178, BS EN ISO 6892-1, BS EN ISO 6892-2, BS EN ISO 9015, BS EN ISO 9016, BS EN ISO 9606-1, BS EN ISO 9606-2, BS EN ISO 15614-1, BS EN ISO 15614-2, BS EN ISO 15614-8, BS EN ISO 17639
Deutsches Institut für Normung
DIN EN ISO 4136, DIN EN ISO 6892-1, DIN EN ISO 6892-2, DIN EN ISO 8496
Department of Defense
GM 255M, GM 275M, GM 280M, GM 290M, GM 300M, GM 455M, GM 500M, GM 6171M
Japanese Industrial Standards
JIS B1051, JIS B1054, JIS D4604, JIS J1054
MIL-STD-248 MIL-STD-1312-8, MIL-STD-1312-18
Society of Automotive Engineers
SAE J82, SAE J429, SAE J1199, SAE J1216, SAE J2253
Standard Reference Material
SRM 3-94, SRM 4-94, SRM 5-94, SRM 9-94
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