Flammability testing is a critical part of ensuring safe and trustworthy consumer products. Industry applications for flammability test methods include textiles and consumer goods, aerospace and transportation, bedding, and furniture materials.
Consumer products must satisfy safety requirements and regulations before being brought to market, including the rate of burning, heat and smoke release criteria. Our experts are dedicated to providing you with a thorough and accurate flammability test program that limits risk for your business and your customers.
Vertical and Horizontal Flammability Testing
Flammability test methods measure how easily materials ignite, how quickly they burn and how they react when burned. The materials are placed over a Bunsen burner either vertically or horizontally, depending on the specification. During a vertical flammability test, a material is observed for the length of time it burns after the igniting flame is removed, how much of the specimen burns and whether or not it drips flaming particles. In contrast, horizontal flammability tests observe if the material continues to burn after the test flame is removed and then calculate the rate at which the specimen burns.
Flammability of Mattresses and Furniture
Flammability testing of mattresses and furniture is an essential part of ensuring fire safety for consumers. These flammability tests occur in a burn room which contributes to the measurement of heat release, smoke release and opacity, combustive gas release and total mass loss. This type of flammability test ignites mattresses or furniture with a lit cigarette or a large open flame to determine how a product will react in cases of accidental and intentional fires.
Flammability Testing Standards
Our team of experts serve a wide range of industries, offering a large scope of test standards including:
Clothing, Furniture and Bedding Materials
16 CFR Part 1610; 16 CFR Part 1615; 16 CFR Part 1616; 16 CFR Part 1632; 16 CFR Part 1633
ASTM D635; ASTM D1230; ASTM D6413
CA TB 117; CA TB 121; CA TB 129; CA TB 133
BFD IX-11 Open-flame mattress
BS 5852; BS 6807; BS 7176; BS 7177
BS EN 597; BS EN 1021
BS EN ISO 9773
CAN/CGSB 4.2 No. 27.5
NAVSEA 05Z6 PD 5-04A
49 CFR Part 571.302 (DOT/FMVSS 302)
General Motors GMW 3232
Honda HES D6003
Nissan NES M0094
Toyota TSM 0500G; TSM 0504G
The element Advantage
Our experienced experts conduct flammability test methods to evaluate materials during research and development stages or to meet industry, commercial, or regulatory standards. As a recognized leader in materials testing, Element has laboratories throughout the United States and Europe ready to assist with your toughest testing challenges.
For more information about our flammability test methods or to request a quote, contact us today.
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Fire Testing of Building Materials
Find out about Element's complete range of fire testing services for interior finish materials used in buildings to ensure compliance with fire safety standards and building codes.
Furniture Flammability Testing
Element provides comprehensive furniture flammability testing programs against many standards including CAL TB 117 and NFPA 260 to ensure your product is fit for purpose and safe to use.
Fire Testing of Materials used in Transportation
Element's experts provide complete fire testing programs of materials used in transportation. We test against ASTM E 162, ASTM E 662, and other standards to make sure they are safe and compliant.
Textile Flammability Testing
Element's fire testing laboratories provide complete textile flammability testing programs. We test against CAN/ULC-S 109, NFPA 701, and other standards to ensure your product is compliant and safe to use.
Flammability Testing of Plastics
Learn about Element's flammability testing of organic and inorganic plastics as per UL 94 and other standards to ensure polymeric materials adhere to safety standards to reduce fire risks.