Element delivers a wide range of fracture toughness and mechanics testing services to help you estimate the life of your components, reduce costly repairs, improve designs, and prolong a component’s life expectancy.
Fracture toughness testing is a mechanical test method used to determine the energy needed to initiate and cause failure within a material. It can also be used in conjunction with fatigue testing, corrosion testing, and elevated temperatures to determine the useful life of the material under different conditions.
Our fracture toughness testing services
Using advanced techniques and equipment, our experts provide valuable insight into material performance, helping you make critical determinations about the safety, fitness, and longevity of metallic, non-metallic, and advanced materials. As a single-source provider of mechanical testing, we can assist in creating a testing program that gives you confidence in your products and materials.
Our services include characterizing fracture toughness through single point critical values (CTOD, J integral, and K) as well as tearing resistance diagrams (J-R and CTOD-R curves), following the international standards including BS 8571, ISO 12135, ASTM E1820, ASTM E1921.
Fracture toughness specimen geometries
Element is well equipped to perform this testing and analysis on a vast range of specimen size and crack geometries, including but not limited to:
- Compact Tension (CT)
- Middle Tension (MT)
- Single-Edge Notched Tension (SENT)
- Single-Edge Notched Bend (SENB or three-point bend)
- Extended Compact Tension (ECT)
- Centre Cracked Tension (CCT)
- Surface Cracked Tension (SCT)
- Composite Materials under modes I, II and III loading
Materials class and fracture mechanics test capabilities
Our experts test high-strength ferrous, nonferrous, polymer, and composite materials using advanced computer-controlled servo-hydraulic test frames. Coupled with decades of experience and many successful applications, our advanced equipment control, processes, and data acquisition methods allow us to guide you on even the most complex test results.
There is also the possibility to create a custom testing analysis and accommodate any request for non-standard fracture mechanics testing protocol for your specific application or environment. Element offers Fracture Mechanics and Toughness Testing in Sour Environment (in-situ) for the oil and gas industry as their pipelines and equipment are often exposed to sour service gases and liquids.
The Element advantage
Our Engaged Experts provide valuable insight into material performance, helping manufacturers make critical determinations about the safety, fitness, and longevity of metallic, nonmetallic, and advanced materials. As a single-source provider of mechanical testing services, we can assist in creating a testing program that gives you confidence in your products and materials.
We support a wide range of industries, from Transportation, Aerospace, and Defense suppliers to Oil and Gas, Power Generation, and Infrastructure.
For more information, or to receive a quote, contact an expert today.
Fracture Mechanics Testing Services
Manufactured materials are not immune to experiencing cracks, flaws, or defects. Our materials testing experts measure the fracture mechanics of both nonferrous and high-strength ferrous materials to provide manufacturers with valuable insight into the allowable stress levels and overall durability of their product.
More fracture mechanics testing services:
- Fatigue testing
- Corrosion fatigue testing
- Tensile testing
- Charpy/Izod impact testing
- Bend testing
- Shear testing
- SENT testing
- SENB testing
- Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)
- Torque testing
- Ring flattening/Flat ring testing
- Nick break testing
- Fillet fracture testing
- Drop weight testing
- Hardness testing
- Fracture mechanics in sour environment
- Compact Tension (CT) testing
- Centre Cracked Tension (CCT) testing
- Surface Cracked Tension (SCT) testing
Crack Tip Opening Displacement, or CTOD, is a measure of the crack length or physical opening of the fatigue crack tip at the point of failure. CTOD testing measures the toughness of materials that tear before failure and provides a single value at the first sign of instability. CTOD testing typically results in one of three types of failure:
CTOD testing typically results in one of three types of failure:
- The sample fails in a brittle manner in the elastic region or shortly after the onset of deformation.
- The sample fails in a brittle manner after stable tearing has started and the load is still increasing at the time of fracture.
- Near failure where the sample can no longer hold the load applied and unstable tearing occurs.
Testing K1C Value
The KIC test (sometimes referred to as KIC, or K1C) is used to determine the brittle fracture toughness of metallic materials. Most often associated with ASTM E399, the Linear-Elastic Plane Strain Fracture Toughness test, or KIc value, is performed across a range of temperatures to determine the design, life calculations, and crack growth, or remaining life calculations. A valid KIC test ensures that the test specimen fractures under nominally linear elastic conditions.
Testing J1C and JR Values
J-based testing measures the energy released during crack extension. This standardized test method is used to evaluate materials with high toughness and low strength measurements. Much like CTOD testing, JIC or JR testing measures the instability of material before failure, but with more focus on ductile tearing.
Choosing the appropriate test method and standard is dependent on the behavior of the material being evaluated. Metallic materials, like aluminum, present linear-elastic behavior. Whereas plastics, polymers, and other non-metallic materials exhibit elastic-plastic behavior.
Established industry standards recommend one of three different modes of load application for crack propagation.
- Mode 1: load applied in the direction of crack plane
- Mode 2: load applied along the length of the crack plane
- Mode 3: load applied across the width of crack plane
American Petroleum Institute
API 1104, API RP 2Z
American Society for Testing & Methods
ASTM B645, ASTM B646, ASTM B909, ASTM D5045, ASTM D5528, ASTM D6671, ASTM D7905, ASTM E370, ASTM E399, ASTM E561, ASTM E1290, ASTM E1304, ASTM E1820, ASTM E1922
BS 7448, BS 8571
Det Norske Veritas
International Standards Organization
ISO 12135, ISO 12737, ISO 15653
Fracture Mechanics Testing WhitepaperApplying fracture mechanics to predict pipeline cracking and failure. This article provides an understanding of the different test methods and sample geometries used to determine fracture toughness. FREE DOWNLOAD
Fracture Mechanics in the Environment
To learn more about the detrimental effect of environmental parameters on fracture toughness, download our article below.FREE DOWNLOAD
Fracture Toughness Testing in Sour ServiceOur Engaged Expert, Rodolfo Amoriello has carried out research to develop a better understanding of how the SENT test technique influences fracture toughness in sour service. LEARN MORE
Fracture Toughness Testing of PMMA Bone Cement
In this article, we discuss the methodology for measuring fracture toughness of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) bone cement, used within the medical industry for arthroplasty surgery.LEARN MORE
Find out how Element's fatigue testing labs help companies meet quality requirements and create safer, stronger, more successful parts and products.
Engineering Critical Assessment (ECA) Services
Element provides Engineering Critical Assessment (ECA) to determine if a flaw in welded structures is safe from brittle fracture, fatigue, or creep.
Find out about Element's range of metallurgical testing services, including microscopy, corrosion evaluation, hardness and on-site services.
Mechanical & Destructive Testing
Element's mechanical tests are part of our destructive testing services, they show whether a material or part is suitable for its intended mechanical applications.