European Union - Recast EMC Directive 2014/30/EU
By Engaged Expert Steve Hayes
The EMC Directive (EMCD) is the main legislative document that is used to drive the EMC requirements in the European Union.This document was one of the directives that was brought in line with the New Legislative Framework (NLF) that was introduced in 2008. The EMCD was recast to the title of Directive 2014/30/EU, and was published 26 February 2014, and posted in the Official Journal on 18 April 2014.
The previous EMCD (Directive 2004/108/EC) was repealed on 20 April 2016, so after that date the new EMCD 2014/30/EU must be applied. Also, after this date, your Declaration of Conformity (DoC) must reference 2014/30/EU, and it will not be legal to sell into the EU without this change.
Related directives have been recast and the noted final implementation dates
Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 2014/35/EU – 20 April 2016 (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32014L0035&from=EN)
Radio Equipment Directive (RED) 2014/53/EU – 13 June 2017 (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32014L0053&from=EN)
(Note: Radio and Telecommunication Terminal Equipment (R&TTE) Directive 1995/5/EC can still be used until 12 June 2017, but starting 13 June 2017 the RED must be applied.)
Changes to the EMCD
Essential Requirements and Scope
For both versions of the EMCD, the essential requirements and scope are similar, with the following exceptions.
- Custom built evaluation kits only for R&D facility purposes have been excluded.
- Wired telecom products have been removed from the RED, which was previously covered by the R&TTED, and will now be covered by the EMCD and LVD.
- Radio and TV broadcast receivers are now covered under the RED, where previously they were covered under the EMCD and LVD.
The obligations are very similar with only some subtle changes, as noted:
- Label all products with the manufacturer’s name, registered trademark/name and postal address. This may be separate label(s) or on compliance label.
- The required instructions and safety information must be provided with each product intended to be placed on the EU market. This includes translations.
- As noted in Article 14, the manufacturer may choose to restrict the application of the EU type examination based on the conformity assessment called out in the various annexes.
Importer, Authorized Representative and Distributors:
- Importers shall ensure the appropriate conformity assessment procedure has been carried out by the manufacturer. Including documentation, instructions, safety information and labeling.
- Importers must also include their name, registered trademark/name and postal address on the label, as well as the manufacturer.
It is stated in the EMCD that the manufacturer shall establish Technical Documentation which “shall make it possible to assess the apparatus conformity to the relevant requirements, and shall include an adequate analysis and assessment of the risk(s).
The technical documentation shall specify the applicable requirements and cover, as far as relevant for the assessment, the design, manufacture and operation of the apparatus. The technical documentation shall, wherever applicable, contain at least the following elements:
- (a) a general description of the apparatus;
- (b) conceptual design and manufacturing drawings and schemes of components, sub-assemblies, circuits, etc.;
- (c) descriptions and explanations necessary for the understanding of those drawings and schemes and the operation of the apparatus;
- (d) a list of the harmonised standards applied in full or in part the references of which have been published in the Official Journal of the European Union and, where those harmonised standards have not been applied, descriptions of the solutions adopted to meet the essential requirements of this Directive, including a list of other relevant technical specifications applied. In the event of partly applied harmonised standards, the technical documentation shall specify the parts which have been applied;
- (e) results of design calculations made, examinations carried out, etc.;
- (f) test reports.”
A Declaration of Conformity (DoC) template is now shown in Annex IV. The DoC shall be translated into the language or languages required by the Member State in which the apparatus is placed or made available on the market. DoCs for products on the market after the implementation date (i.e., EMCD 20 April 2016) must reference the new directive.
The list of EMC harmonized standards has been transposed from the old version to the new version and the list of the latest published harmonized standards are located at this link.
For more information, or to request a quote for EMC Directive or other testing, please contact us.
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