Research by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) indicates that exposure to welding fumes can cause a number of health conditions including lung cancer, kidney cancer, COPD, asthma, metal fume fever, siderosis, stomach ulcers, renal damage, and neurological effects similar to Parkinson’s disease (Manganism). 

All welding fume from all types of metal should be treated as capable of causing cancer, and the IARC has reclassified all welding fume, including fume from mild steel welding, as Group 1 carcinogenic to humans.

How does this affect you?

All businesses undertaking welding activities should ensure all personnel are protected from the inhalation risk of welding fumes by providing effective engineering controls for risk mitigation. For example, Local Exhaust Ventilation (LEV) when provided and correctly applied, will control fumes and gases arising from welding activities.

Where engineering controls are not sufficient to control all fume exposure, adequate and suitable respiratory protective equipment (RPE) is also required to manage risk from the residual fume, including welding outdoors. You should ensure welders are suitably instructed and trained in the use of these controls.

Regardless of duration, the UK HSE will no longer accept any welding undertaken without suitable exposure control measures in place, as there is no known level of safe exposure. Risk assessments should reflect the change in the expected control measures.

What can we do to assist you?

Element has one of the largest Occupational Hygiene teams in the UK, comprising of a range of technically competent and qualified staff.

Our experienced team of qualified occupational hygienists can assist in:

  • Devising an air monitoring strategy
  • Personal welding fume monitoring
  • Assessing your control measures
  • Examining and testing of your LEV systems
  • Fume control advice

We undertake air monitoring using the latest equipment, which is calibrated before and after sampling in accordance with ISO 10882 ‘Health & Safety in Welding and Allied Processes - Sampling of Airborne Particles and Gases in the Operator’s Breathing Zone.’ All sample analytical work is undertaken at UKAS accredited analytical laboratories that participate in the AIR PT scheme.

We can also conduct a thorough examination and testing of LEV systems following the HSG258 and carry out risk assessments to determine if all engineering controls are used correctly.

For more information on welding fume exposure monitoring and how we can assist you, please contact us today.

Standards we test to

  • HSG173 Monitoring strategies for toxic substances
  • BS EN ISO  10882 ‘Health & Safety in Welding and Allied Processes - Sampling of Airborne Particles and Gases in the Operator’s Breathing Zone’

Welding Fume Safety - Everything You Need To Know

Read our article on Fume Safety to discover more about risk assessment, exposure monitoring and control measures. Weld fume safety is critically important since anyone exposed is at risk of developing occupational asthma, cancer, irritation of the breathing airways, metal fume fever, pneumonia and other illnesses.

Our team of over 6,000 Engaged Experts in North America, Europe, The Middle East, Australia, Asia and Africa are ready to help you.

Contact The Element Team