X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) analysis is a simple, highly accurate method used to determine a material’s chemical composition. XRF is a popular analytical tool because of its non-destructive nature, the ability to test materials with little or no preparation required, as well as being suitable for solid, liquid, or powdered samples.  

X-ray fluorescence uses a device to inundate the sample with x-ray waves. Based on the feedback received from atoms in the sample, the machine is able to calculate the material type. Because every element exhibits unique characteristics when irradiated, individual atoms can be detected, allowing for a complete breakdown of chemical composition. For coating thickness measurements by x-ray fluorescence, secondary equipment, such as a diode, is normally used to ensure accuracy. 

Element performs XRF analysis in labs across the US, the UK, and Europe. We are experienced in testing to a multitude of industry standards as well as unique customer requirements.. Our engaged experts have the knowledge and expertise to ensure your requirements and objectives are completed in a timely manner.

Portable XRF Analysis

Depending on project requirements, testing can be performed on-site as well as in the lab. When performed on-site, a handheld analyzer shoots a beam at the material, which sends feedback to a portable machine that generates a readout of the types and amounts of elements in a material. Portable XRF can report on a wide range of metals, including trace elements and major constituents. Results from this method are almost immediate, making it a very efficient way to check structures or individual pieces.  

In-Lab XRF Analysis

 X-Ray Fluorescence in the lab is performed by a more traditional, bench top analyzer. With this method, samples need to of appropriate size to fit the dimensional requirements of the equipment. Rather than being tested in the open air, the material is loaded into a tube and irradiated. While this method takes longer than a field analysis, it can cover a wider range of elements and is generally more detailed. XRF in the lab is generally preferred when a more accurate and thorough analysis of multiple elements is required.

X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF)

Standards We Test To

American Society for Nondestructive Testing


American Society for Testing & Materials

ASTM B568, ASTM E1085, ASTM E1476, ASTM E1621, ASTM E322, ASTM E539, ASTM E572

Chemical Analysis Preparation

Element's Comprehensive Chemical Analysis Services

From routine OES analysis of an aluminum alloy to comprehensive gas chromatography–mass spectrometry investigations, our chemists continually train in the most advanced techniques to provide a wide range of chemical analysis services.


Our team of over 6,700 Engaged Experts in North America, Europe, The Middle East, Australia, Asia and Africa are ready to help you.